Transformation and Upgrading of China's Fishery & Aquaculture Industry

Date:2016-04-18 View: 10 Compiler:

By Dr. Cui He

China is the largest country in aquatic producing, trade and consumption. Up to now we have confronted with complicated economic situation in the world and various challenges posed by economic slowdown in China. Transformation and updating of China’s fishery and aquaculture industry has become the inevitable choice for future development. Therefore it is of vital importance to understand the motivation behind this transformation and the core concept of sustainability in updating.

General Picture of China’s Aquatic Production. China’s fishery industry has seen a zero growth for years and aquaculture is also stepping into a saturated stage. Processing industry obviously slows down. Aquatic import and export underwent negative growth in 2015for the first time after 17 years of continuous growth.

Transformation of Fishery Industry. Nowadays the Chinese government put ecological civilization construction and environmental protection on unprecedented height. Marine fishery continues reducing, which will ease the dependence and pressure on natural marine resources. The targets for transformation include: increasing commodity rate of marine fishery, increasing the commodity value of fishery products, and shifting more financial profits to fishermen.

Transformation of Aquaculture Industry. Traditional farming module is transforming into a more ecological one. At present, aquaculture contributes 74% of the national total aquatic products. Over the next 5 to 10 years, this ratio will increase to 80% while the output in fishery industry will continue falling. The traditional style extensive farming has come to a dead end. The mode of high production but low efficiency is no longer encouraged. Aquaculture will and is turning to a more ecological, high-quality and sustainable direction.

Transformation of Aquatic Processing Industry. In recent years, China has increasingly attached importance to environmental protection, which intensifies the contradiction between surplus of processing capacity and shortage of raw materials. Private business still has difficulties in obtaining loans while the cost of labor continues increasing every year. Aquatic processing sector’s transformation includes: meeting the huge potential demands in domestic market, shifting from demanding yield to improving quality, and moving down the distribution channels to the lower ends in international trade.

Aquatic Products Trade Transformation. Trade volume of Chinese aquatic products occupies the world’s highest proportion (15%). In 2015, China Aquatic Products Processing and Marketing Alliance issued Consumption Guide for Aquatic Products for the first time. According to the Guide, the following products are encouraged: 1) products with domestic and international certifications like MSC, ASC, BAP, organic certification and green product certification; 2) low-carbon products like carp, silver carp, etc.; 3) carbon sink fish like shellfish, algae, etc.

Joint efforts in promoting transformation and updating. China’s fishery needs transformation and updating, and our aquaculture should move towards sustainable development. We should establish an aquatic mode orients at ecology and health. The market demands higher added-value aquatic products. Meanwhile, high value should be created for aquatic by-products and low-value marine captures. With fishery industry structure in China becoming better balanced, consumers can enjoy better and safer aquatic products. We are confident China’s market access system will gradually be established. China can play a more active and crucial role in the global sustainable development only by taking sustainability into consideration in various and comprehensive views.

The overall development of the industry needs everyone’s participation and contribution. These are the reasons behind the organization of Asia-Pacific Aquaculture Expo and related conferences.

In 2015, aquaculture professionals from 16 countries/regions gathered in Xiamen city of China, displayed the latest products and technology, and attended 17 fascinating themed conferences and activities, including Global Aquaculture Summit and the 7th Chinese Prawn Industry Development Seminar.

Asia-Pacific is the core region of global aquaculture and China plays a leading role in Asia-Pacific region. The regular holding of Asia-Pacific Aquaculture Expo will promote information exchange and trade activities of new products, equipment, and new technology. The event will motivate industrial upgrading and transformation. In 2016, our exposition will still be located in the beautiful city of Xiamen from May 26 to 28, with exhibits covering the whole industry chain ranging from breeding, feeds, technology, equipment, processing, and transportation to the final products. Our conferences will start on May 25. The topics include the global aquaculture industry trends, latest technologies & products, abalone farming, grouper farming, frozen products, investment, e-commerce, logistics, etc. It’s a grand event for Asia-Pacific Asia Pacific and even the world’s aquaculture industry.

For more information, please visit www.en.apaexpo.com.cn

 

About the author, Dr. He CUI is Executive Vice Chairman of China Aquatic Product Processing and Marketing Alliance (CAPPMA). mickcui@hotmail.com

For reprinting, please contact Dr. Lisa Pang lisa@apaexpo.com.cn, +86-10-88102346

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